Category Archives: Climate, and Environment

Repurposing $1 trillion in fossil fuel subsidies towards sustainability

The government gives a lots of subsidies on the fossil fuels every year – more than a trillion dollars in 2022! But using fossil fuel also causes problems for the environment and people’s health, which end up costing over 5 trillion dollars a year. Considering the challenges that today’s world is facing, there are other more effective alternatives towards which these billions and trillions of dollar should be diverged to, i.e. towards more sustainability driven initiatives.

Studies have found that air pollution from fossil fuels causes around 8.7 million early deaths each year. Plus, it’s messing up the climate big time. It’s a huge number, and it means that the fossil fuels when subsidized result in the suffering of humans from the bad health and environmental issues, which must be stopped. So, it’s high time to change our priorities and put our money into renewable energy like wind, solar, and hydro power. It will not only help us in the fight against the changing climate, but it’ll also create new jobs for us. Ideally, we should use this cash to create a more sustainable future for everyone.

Also, to set things in a more clear perspective before I start putting in my thoughts on how we can repurpose it is that, if we factor in the social cost of carbon (SCC), estimated at around $50 per ton of CO2, we can see the true impact of these subsidies. With $1 trillion in fossil fuel subsidies, we’re indirectly supporting the emission of around 20 billion tons of CO2. So, my intent in this blog is to give my own perspective, that is my individual perspective on different ways we could utilize this fund in a much better way. And I would love to hear your perspectives in the comment, or maybe your ideas.

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Green Airplanes – the flight towards a sustainable future

I hope you’re also very much excited to dive into the world of green and sustainable airplanes. We all know that the carbon footprint of the aviation industry is very much talked about when we speak carbon footprints. This blog, will explore the challenges, technological advancements, and policy-level impacts that are we should look into to understand what and how the transition towards a more sustainable future in air travel. So, fasten your seatbelts and get ready for an eco-friendly ride through the skies!

Let’s start with the elephant in the room – the carbon emissions of airplanes. According to the International Council on Clean Transportation, aviation accounted for roughly 2.4% of global CO2 emissions in 2018. With air travel becoming more affordable and accessible, this figure is expected to grow if no action is taken.

The biggest challenge is in reducing the carbon footprint of airplanes is the heavy reliance on fossil fuels. Kerosene is the primary fuel used in aviation and it releases a considerable amount of CO2 when burned. Having said that, the challenge lies in finding viable alternatives that can match the energy density and reliability of traditional fuels.

Another hurdle is the ever-growing demand for air travel. As developing countries become more prosperous, their populations are increasingly taking to the skies. It now becomes more difficult for the industry to meet the demand while also reducing the impact on the environment, as a result.

Fueling the Future with Innovations for Green Air Commute

Despite the challenges, the aviation industry has made significant strides towards a a green and sustainable airplanes future. Here are some noteworthy innovations and enhancements that can lead to more sustainable air travel:

  1. Sustainable Aviation Fuel (SAF) is derived from renewable resources like waste oils, agricultural residues, and non-food crops. It can reduce CO2 emissions by up to 80% compared to conventional jet fuel. Major airlines, such as United and KLM, are already utilizing SAF, and the industry is working to increase its production and availability. However, one of the main challenges remains the cost, which is currently higher than conventional jet fuel. As production scales up, the cost is expected to decrease.
  2. Electric Planes powered by batteries or hydrogen fuel cells are gaining traction as an eco-friendly alternative. Companies like Eviation and Zunum Aero are developing electric aircraft for regional travel, and industry giants like Airbus are also exploring electric options. While these aircraft are currently limited in range and capacity, advancements in battery technology and hydrogen storage will likely lead to more capable electric planes in the future.
  3. Improving Aerodynamics and refining Materials is another key aspect, as by optimizing airplane design and using lightweight materials, manufacturers can reduce drag and weight, leading to lower fuel consumption. Boeing’s 787 Dreamliner and Airbus’ A350 are examples of modern aircraft with enhanced aerodynamics and lightweight carbon-fiber composites that significantly reduce fuel burn.
  4. Improvement in Airlines operational efficiency for adopting more efficient flight paths, optimized aircraft speed, and minimized on-ground time to cut down on fuel consumption is a much needed ask. The implementation of Single European Sky and the Next Generation Air Transportation System (NextGen) in the US are examples of air traffic management initiatives aimed at improving operational efficiency.

Adapting Airplanes to New Technologies

As we move towards more green and sustainable aviation, airplanes must undergo several technical changes to adapt to these innovations. The transformation is similar to that of a caterpillar undergoing metamorphosis, as it transforms from a small, simple creature to a majestic butterfly with a completely different form and function. Some of the changes that come to my mind include:

ChangeWhat and How?
Powertrain Modifications– Integration of batteries, fuel cells, electric motors, and power electronics.
– Modifications to the fuel storage and delivery systems.
– Development and implementation of new storage solutions for hydrogen-powered aircraft such as cryogenic tanks or advanced materials for hydrogen storage.
Structural Changes– Redesign of aircraft structures to optimize aerodynamics and accommodate new propulsion technologies.
– Changes to the wing and fuselage shapes.
– Incorporation of lightweight materials.
– Exploration of unconventional aircraft designs, such as blended wing bodies or distributed propulsion systems.
Avionics and Flight Control Systems– Updates to flight control systems, avionics, and other electronic components to ensure safe and efficient operation.
Maintenance and Infrastructure– Development and deployment of new charging stations, hydrogen refueling facilities, and specialized maintenance equipment across the aviation ecosystem to support evolving airplanes.

A Blast from the Past: Historic Attempts at Greener Aviation

It’s fascinating to look back at the history of aviation and see that, even in the early days, there were visionaries who recognized the need for sustainable air travel. In this section, I’ll explore some of the past attempts at green and sustainable airplanes aviation and learn from their successes and failures.

Green Airplanes - the flight towards a sustainable future
What do you mean by green and sustainable airplanes? Having an airplane sitting in a forest?
  1. Solar-Powered Aircraft: The idea of harnessing solar energy for aviation can be traced back to the 1970s. One of the pioneers in this field was Dr. Paul MacCready, who developed the Gossamer Penguin and later the Solar Challenger. In 1981, the Solar Challenger completed a 163-mile flight across the English Channel, powered solely by solar panels on its wings. While solar-powered aircraft remain limited in their range and capacity, the technology has advanced significantly, as demonstrated by the Solar Impulse 2’s around-the-world flight in 2015-2016.
  2. Alternative Fuels: The search for alternative fuels in aviation has been ongoing for decades. In the 1980s, several attempts were made to use hydrogen as a fuel for aircraft. The Tupolev Tu-155, a modified Soviet airliner, became the first aircraft to fly on hydrogen in 1988. While hydrogen-powered aircraft didn’t gain widespread adoption, the experience gained from these early attempts has paved the way for the current interest in hydrogen as a potential aviation fuel.
  3. Biofuels: The history of biofuels in aviation goes back to the early 2000s when researchers began experimenting with plant-based oils as an alternative to fossil fuels. In 2008, Virgin Atlantic became the first airline to operate a commercial flight using a blend of biofuel and conventional jet fuel. Since then, numerous airlines have conducted successful biofuel test flights, leading to the current push for Sustainable Aviation Fuel.
  4. Early Efficiency Measures: The quest for efficiency in aviation is not a recent phenomenon. Throughout history, aircraft designers have strived to improve aerodynamics, reduce weight, and develop more efficient engines. For example, in the 1930s, the Lockheed Electra was designed with a focus on aerodynamic efficiency, becoming one of the fastest and most fuel-efficient planes of its time.
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These historical attempts at greener aviation, while not always successful, have provided valuable lessons and inspiration for today’s efforts towards sustainable air travel. The pioneers who dared to think differently and challenge conventional wisdom have laid the groundwork for the innovations we’re witnessing today. Their stories serve as a testament to the power of human ingenuity and the relentless pursuit of progress, reminding us that the sky’s the limit when it comes to making air travel greener and more sustainable.

Regulatory and Policy Level Impacts for Green & Sustainable Airplanes

To facilitate the transition towards greener air travel, changes must also occur at the regulatory and policy levels. Governments must incentivize airlines and aircraft manufacturers to invest in sustainable technologies and they should also create policies that support carbon-neutral growth in the aviation sector. Here are some of the key areas where I think we should expect to see some shifts:

  1. Incentives for Green Technologies: Governments can encourage the development and adoption of green aviation technologies by offering incentives, such as tax breaks, grants, and subsidies, for both manufacturers and airlines.
  2. Carbon Pricing and Emissions Trading: Implementing carbon pricing or emissions trading schemes can help to internalize the environmental costs of aviation and drive investments in cleaner technologies. The European Union’s Emissions Trading System (EU ETS) is an example of such an approach.
  3. Stricter Emissions Standards: Regulators can push the industry to adopt cleaner technologies by setting stricter emissions standards for aircraft. The International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) has already introduced the Carbon Offsetting and Reduction Scheme for International Aviation (CORSIA), which aims to stabilize CO2 emissions at 2020 levels through offsetting and efficiency improvements.
  4. Supporting SAF Adoption: Policies can be put in place to promote the use of Sustainable Aviation Fuel. This may include setting blending mandates, offering tax incentives, or providing funding for research and development.
  5. Infrastructure Development: Governments and regulatory bodies can play a crucial role in the development of the necessary infrastructure to support green aviation, such as electric charging stations and hydrogen refueling facilities.
  6. International Collaboration: Since aviation is a global industry, international cooperation is essential in promoting the adoption of green technologies and the harmonization of standards and policies. Organizations like ICAO play a pivotal role in fostering such collaboration.

Closing Note: Green Airplanes – the flight towards a sustainable future

The journey toward sustainable air travel is a challenging yet exciting one. As the aviation industry embraces new technologies, materials, and operational practices, we are gradually moving towards a greener future in the skies. By working together, manufacturers, airlines, regulators, and consumers can help accelerate the transition to green airplanes and ensure that our love for air travel doesn’t come at the expense of our planet.

As we’ve seen, this shift will require significant technical changes, policy adjustments, and a spirit of collaboration across the entire aviation ecosystem. But with the growing public awareness of the environmental impact of air travel and the increasing pressure on the industry to reduce its carbon footprint, the momentum for change is building. It’s an exciting time to be part of the green flight revolution, and we can all play our part in making it a reality. So, let’s spread our eco-friendly wings and soar toward a more sustainable future!

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My daily life involves interacting with different people in order to understand their perspectives on Climate Change, Technology, and Digital Transformation.

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Powering Porsche Taycan entirely with Solar, the Dream Machine?

Hey there, fellow speed enthusiasts and eco-warriors! Do you ever dream of driving a sleek, high-performance sports car that’s as green as it is fast? Well, buckle up, because today we’re going on a wild ride to explore the possibility of a solar-powered Porsche Taycan. We’ll delve into the infrastructure needed, the practicality and feasibility of such a concept, the challenges we might face, and the overall problems we need to tackle to make this dream a reality. So, let’s put the pedal to the metal and get this show on the road!

“Electric cars are not going to take over the world tomorrow or the day after, but thatโ€™s simply because they are not yet as good as gasoline-powered cars. The key for electric cars is that they have to be more convenient and less expensive to operate than gasoline cars.”

Elon Musk
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India’s Circular economy, the secret to resource and sustainability

Known for its resourcefulness and thriftiness, India is home to many diverse cultures and traditions. Because of its limited resources and growing population, the country has long recognized how important it is to conserve resources and promote sustainable practices. For centuries, India has practiced circular economy principles in various ways. It’s not a new concept in India. For instance, in India, repurposing kitchen waste is a common practice. For centuries, it has been practiced in different forms. Organic fertilizer for agriculture is made from this waste, and it’s turned into compost.

Using a circular economy minimizes waste, optimizes resource use, and promotes sustainability. Circular economies are different from linear economies, in which raw materials are extracted, processed, used, and then thrown away as waste. In general, the circular economy emphasizes repairing, refurbishing, and recycling materials so they can be reused for as long as possible. Three key principles of the circular economy: reducing waste and pollution, preserving products and materials for a long time, and regenerating nature.

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India’s challenges & opportunities – Article 6, Paris Agreement

India’s big step towards tackling the climate crisis by committing to the Paris Agreement is not shadowed on the international forums. Our country has made several ambitious targets to reduce its carbon footprint and increase its use of clean energy. But, as a developing country, we need support from the developed nations to achieve these targets. And, let me tell you, we are making progress, but still, there are areas where more efforts are needed. We need to speed up our efforts to fulfill our commitments and make this planet a better place for future generations.

India’s commitment towards Article 6 of the Paris Agreement

Let me tell you something, India’s aspiration and promising attitude to show the world in the fight against climate change has already caught the limelight in at the event of the Article 6 of Paris Agreement. To strengthen cooperation and support for global action, India has committed to the following initiatives:

Initiative TypeTarget
Renewable Energy175 GW of installed renewable energy capacity by 2022
Energy EfficiencyEnergy equivalent to 20% of the total energy consumption by 2020
Transportation30% of electric vehicles on the road by 2030
Industrial ProcessesReduce the emissions intensity of GDP by 33-35% by 2030 from 2005 level
ForestCreate a carbon sink of 2.5 to 3 billion tonnes of CO2 equivalent through additional forest and tree cover by 2030
Waste ManagementProcess 100% of municipal solid waste by 2023
AgricultureIncrease carbon sequestration in agriculture and allied sectors by 2.5 to 3 GtCO2e by 2030
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Revealing the transformative potential: Article 6 of Paris Agreement

Article 6 of the Paris Agreement pertains to the cooperation between Parties in the implementation of the Agreement. It includes provisions for the use of internationally transferred mitigation outcomes (ITMOs) towards achieving nationally determined contributions (NDCs) and the creation of a mechanism to contribute to the mitigation of greenhouse gas emissions and support sustainable development. It also establishes a framework for cooperation on, and facilitation of, capacity-building, and transparency of action and support. This Article is one of the key mechanisms to achieve the goal of the Paris Agreement to limit global warming to well below 2 degrees Celsius above the pre-industrial level and pursue efforts to limit the temperature increase even further to 1.5 degrees Celsius.

Countries with potential to help fellow countries as per Article 6 of the Paris agreement

The Paris Agreement, a historic pact signed by nearly 200 countries, emphasizes the importance of international cooperation in tackling this global crisis. Under Article 6, countries are urged to collaborate and support each other in reaching their climate targets.

In the below context, I am trying to drill down the nations that hold the potential to be instrumental in helping other countries reduce their carbon footprint and create a greener tomorrow. Whether through investments in sustainable energy sources, the development and export of low-carbon technologies, or the reduction of dependence on fossil fuels, these nations are poised to make a significant impact in our fight against climate change.

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Unveiling climate models for predicting the Earth’s grim future

Dear readers, this article expects you to have reasonable understanding of climate and environment as the topic is quite advanced in its nature. Let us delve into the realm of Climate Models, a crucial aspect in comprehending and forecasting the alterations of our beloved planet, Earth’s climate. These models, like a symphony, simulate the interplay between the atmosphere, ocean, land, and sea ice. They serve as seers, predicting the future changes in temperature, precipitation, sea level and other climate variables.

The Representative Concentration Pathways (RCPs) offer a glimpse into the future, portraying the potential greenhouse gas emissions and their impact on our climate. The results obtained from diverse climate models, through the lens of RCP scenarios, paint a consistent picture of warming, primarily caused by human actions. Though the projections may carry some degree of uncertainty, the overall trend aligns with observational data and the historical records of our planet’s climate.

There are many different models that have been developed to simulate and understand the Earth’s climate. These models are used to project future changes in temperature, precipitation, sea level, and other climate variables based on different scenarios of greenhouse gas emissions. Let’s look at some of the models first:

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The non-climatic benefits of fighting against climate change

Climate change is not just an environmental concern, but a multifaceted issue that has the potential to impact various spheres of human life. However, what many don’t realize is that addressing climate change can also have several co-benefits that can help to solve other non-climate related problems.

For instance, transitioning to clean energy sources such as wind and solar power can not only reduce greenhouse gas emissions but also air and water pollution. This, in turn, can lead to improved public health and reduced healthcare costs. Moreover, investing in renewable energy sources can reduce dependence on fossil fuels, thereby increasing energy security and reducing the risk of price fluctuations and supply disruptions.

Also socio-cultural benefits such as building resilient communities, protecting cultural heritage, raising awareness and education, promoting social cohesion, preserving traditional knowledge, and preserving cultural identity can also be factored. Involving and engaging communities in addressing climate change and considering the cultural and social dimensions of climate change is crucial for creating a sustainable and equitable future for all.

Another important aspect is job creation. Transitioning to a low-carbon economy can open up new opportunities in industries such as renewable energy, energy efficiency, and sustainable transportation. Additionally, reducing greenhouse gas emissions can also help to reduce deforestation, habitat destruction, and other activities that contribute to the loss of biodiversity.

Specific use-cases demonstrating non-climatic benefits

I am targeting in this article to highlight various ways in which investment in sustainable practices and technologies can lead to significant reductions in greenhouse gas emissions and improvements in public health. From China’s investment in renewable energy and energy efficiency, to Copenhagen’s investment in cycling infrastructure and Singapore’s comprehensive water management program, each example demonstrates the positive impact that sustainable practices can have on both the environment and public health.

Additionally, many of the below examples will show the economic benefits of these sustainable practices, including cost savings on healthcare and energy consumption. The article emphasizes the potential for cities and states to make a meaningful impact on the environment and public health through strategic investment in sustainable practices.

LocationStudy Conducted byInitiativeReduction in Greenhouse Gas EmissionsImprovement in Other Area
Barcelona, SpainCity of BarcelonaComprehensive green roof program10%Decrease in incidence of heat-related illness
Bogotรก, ColombiaCity GovernmentImplementation of Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) system20% reduction in transportation emissionsImproved mobility for residents (increase in access to jobs, education and services)
CaliforniaCalifornia Air Resources BoardDeployment of solar power20%6,000 premature deaths avoided and $4.4 billion in health care cost savings. Improved air quality and reduced incidence of respiratory illness
CaliforniaCalifornia Department of TransportationPromotion of green transportation options10%Improved public health, decrease in obesity, heart disease and diabetes
ChinaTsinghua UniversityRenewable energy and energy efficiencyN/A4.3% reduction in PM2.5 (64,800 premature deaths avoided)
ColoradoColorado Energy OfficePromotion of clean energy25%Improved public health, decrease in air pollution and respiratory illness
Copenhagen, DenmarkCity GovernmentInvestment in cycling infrastructure22% reduction in transportation emissionsImproved public health (decrease in cardiovascular disease and obesity)
Copenhagen, DenmarkCity of CopenhagenComprehensive bike-sharing program, and Implementation of urban greening program10% – 15%Reduced incidence of obesity, heart disease, and stroke. Overall Improved public health, decrease in stress and mental health issues
Curitiba, BrazilCity of CuritibaComprehensive public transportation program20%Reduced incidence of obesity, heart disease, and stroke
Curitiba, BrazilCuritiba Municipal GovernmentComprehensive waste management system30%Reduced incidence of respiratory illness and diarrhea
Delhi, IndiaIndian Institute of TechnologyWaste Management and Recycling25% reduction in methane emissions from landfillsImproved sanitation and reduced risk of water pollution
Frankfurt, GermanyCity of FrankfurtComprehensive green building program30%Reduced incidence of respiratory illness, asthma, and allergies
Gujarat, IndiaGujarat Energy Development AgencyPromotion of solar energy20%Reduced incidence of respiratory illness
Jaipur, IndiaTERI (The Energy and Resources Institute)Solar Power Generation30% reduction in CO2 emissions from power generationImproved public health and reduced health care costs due to decrease in air pollution
London, UKGreater London AuthorityComprehensive green infrastructure program15%Reduced incidence of stress and mental health issues
London, United KingdomTransport for LondonComprehensive public transportation system20%Decrease in incidence of physical inactivity and obesity
MaineMaine Department of Marine ResourcesPromotion of sustainable fishing practices15%Decrease in incidence of mercury and other heavy metal exposure
Malmรถ, SwedenCity of MalmรถUrban greening program5%Reduced incidence of stress and mental health issues
MichiganMichigan Department of TransportationPromotion of sustainable transportation20%Improved public health, decrease in obesity, heart disease and diabetes
MinnesotaMinnesota Department of AgriculturePromotion of sustainable agriculture20%Decrease in incidence of pesticide exposure and other environmental health issues
Mumbai, IndiaCenter for Science and EnvironmentTransition to Electric Vehicles35% reduction in CO2 emissions from transportation sector50% reduction in air pollution-related deaths by 2030
New YorkNew York State Energy Research and Development AuthorityPromotion of energy efficiency25%Reduced incidence of respiratory illness, asthma, and allergies
OregonOregon Department of Environmental QualityConservation of wetlands0.5 million metric tons of CO2 equivalent per yearImproved water quality (decrease in the frequency of harmful algal blooms)
OregonOregon Department of ForestryPromotion of sustainable forestry15%Improved public health, decrease in air pollution and respiratory illness
OregonOregon Department of TransportationPromotion of sustainable transportation10%Decrease in incidence of obesity and heart disease
Rio de Janeiro, BrazilMunicipal Secretariat of Environment and Sustainability of Rio de JaneiroComprehensive solid waste management program15%Decrease in incidence of vector-borne diseases and other health issues related to poor sanitation
Seoul, South KoreaSeoul Metropolitan GovernmentComprehensive green city program30%Decrease in incidence of heat-related illness and other health issues related to urbanization
SingaporeBuilding and Construction Authority of SingaporeComprehensive green building program20%Improved public health, decrease in indoor air pollution and respiratory illness
SingaporePublic Utilities Board of SingaporeComprehensive water management program20%Reduced incidence of water-borne diseases
Sydney, AustraliaSydney Water CorporationComprehensive water conservation program15%Reduced incidence of water-borne diseases
TexasTexas Public Utility CommissionPromotion of wind energy15%Improved air quality and reduced incidence of respiratory illness
Toronto, CanadaCity of TorontoComprehensive green space program15%Decrease in incidence of stress and mental health issues
Toronto, CanadaCity of TorontoImplementation of green roof program10%Improved public health, decrease in heat-related illness and other health issues related to urbanization
Toronto, CanadaCity of TorontoTree planting program20%Reduced incidence of respiratory illness, asthma, and allergies
UKEnergy Saving TrustInstallation of energy-efficient measures in low-income households20% reduction in energy consumptionImproved health outcomes (reduction in respiratory symptoms, asthma, and allergies)
Vancouver, CanadaCity of VancouverImplementation of green infrastructure program20%Reduced incidence of respiratory illness, asthma, and allergies, Improved public health, decrease in heat-related illness and other health issues related to urbanization
Vermont, USAVermont Sustainable Jobs FundPromotion of local food systems20%Reduced incidence of obesity, diabetes, and heart disease

The shift towards a more sustainable future is essential for addressing the pressing global issues of climate change, energy security, and resource depletion. A comprehensive approach that incorporates a variety of sustainable practices across different sectors can help to mitigate these challenges and promote economic development, social well-being, and environmental protection.

From renewable energy sources, sustainable land use practices, sustainable transportation options, energy efficient buildings, sustainable water management, sustainable waste management, sustainable urban planning, sustainable tourism, sustainable forestry and fisheries practices, green infrastructure, sustainable agriculture practices, sustainable urban development, green financing mechanisms, and reforestation projects, there are many ways to create a more sustainable future. Implementing these practices can lead to improved energy security, food security, public health outcomes, economic productivity, and resilience to extreme weather events.

Furthermore, investing in sustainable practices can create jobs and stimulate economic growth, lower energy costs, reduce poverty and improve economic competitiveness, improve air quality and reduce noise pollution, protect property and infrastructure, and protect habitats and biodiversity.

Would you like to connect & have a talk?

My daily life involves interacting with different people in order to understand their perspectives on Climate Change, Technology, and Digital Transformation.

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Scientific Papers and Citations for Human-caused Climate Change

Climate change is a complex issue that affects us all, and it is important to consider all perspectives and viewpoints. If you are skeptical about the scientific evidence, I would encourage you to take a look at the peer-reviewed research papers and documents that I have provided in this article. These studies, conducted by reputable scientists and published in respected journals, provide a solid foundation of scientific evidence that supports the reality of human-caused climate change.

Politics or no-politics, the importance are factual datasets and research, and the intent is not to blindly believe what IPCC says, however, the information they spread should give each individual enough points to dive in and research themselves. Although, the reports that IPCC publishes are widely accepted in the scientific community as they are based on solid scientific evidence.

It’s also important to acknowledge that there may be different opinions and views on climate change and it’s impacts, but it is essential to base our understanding and actions on robust scientific evidence, rather than opinions or emotions. I invite you to review the facts and evidence presented here, and to consider the potential consequences if we fail to take action to address climate change.

Note: read with open and clear mind

1. Skepticism often centers around hidden agendas that have emerged in recent years, thus, the citations provided here are from papers and journals dating back from 1980s.
2. The external link may be broken, if so, copy and paste the title and information on Google to find the correct link.
3. Feel free to ask for clarification or raise doubts in the comments.
4. If you wish to add any other notable names, please share the name, paper/citation link, and award/recognition information.
5. If you disagree with the scientists’ publications, provide your basis and relevant links in the comments.
6. Use respectful language when commenting.
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The LEFT and RIGHT (Skeptical view) debate on climate change

The debate on climate change can often be divided into two main camps: those on the “left” and those on the “right.”

People who are considered “left-leaning” (Also termed as Skeptical viewpoint) generally think that climate change is a big problem that needs to be dealt with right away. They usually support ideas like setting a price on carbon and making rules to limit the amount of greenhouse gases that are released. A lot of people on the left also believe that doing something about climate change is the right thing to do morally and ethically, and that countries that have been releasing a lot of greenhouse gases for a long time have a special responsibility to take action.

People who are considered “right-leaning” usually do not believe that climate change is as big of a problem and that it needs any immediate action. They may say that we do not have enough information to be sure that climate change is happening or that it is caused by human activity, or that it would be too expensive to do something about it. Some people on the right may also believe that people should be free to make their own choices and that economic growth is more important than protecting the environment.

It’s important to remember that not everyone who is considered “left” or “right” feels the same way about climate change. There are many different opinions on this topic and some people may not fit into one of these two groups or might hold a more nuanced position. Also, “left” and “right” can mean different things in different countries and situations.

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