Category Archives: Climate Change

Formulas and equations for calculating change in climate?

There are many different ways to quantify and measure changes in climate, and different formulas and equations are used to calculate different aspects of climate change. Some of the key formulas and equations that are used to calculate changes in climate include:

  1. The Stefan-Boltzmann Law
  2. The greenhouse effect equation
  3. The equilibrium temperature equation
  4. The concentration of Greenhouse gas, or a Pollutant, or Trace gas, or Carbon dioxide (CO2) in the atmosphere, or Nitrous oxide (N2O) in the atmosphere, or SF6, etc.
  5. The global warming potential (GWP) of a greenhouse gas or a pollutant
  6. The carbon footprint of a product or activity
  7. The equilibrium climate sensitivity (ECS)
  8. The atmospheric lifetime of a greenhouse gas, or a pollutant, or a trace gas, or CO2, or CH4, or N2O, or SF6, etc.
  9. The heat capacity of the Earthโ€™s oceans
  10. The global heat budget
  11. The carbon budget
  12. The ozone depletion potential (ODP) of a pollutant
  13. The radiative forcing of a trace gas, or CO2, or N2O, or SF6, etc.
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At current rate of climate change, by when all arctic ice will melt?

It is difficult to predict exactly when all the Arctic ice will melt as it depends on various factors such as global greenhouse gas emissions, the rate at which the Earth’s temperature increases, and the feedback effects of the melting ice. However, it is expected that the Arctic will be free of sea ice in the summer months within the next few decades.

Sea ice extent is a measure of the area of the Earth’s oceans that is covered by sea ice. Sea ice is frozen seawater that forms in the polar regions of the Earth, and it is an important component of the Earth’s climate system. Sea ice forms in the winter when the temperature of the ocean surface drops below the freezing point of seawater, and it melts in the summer when the temperature of the ocean surface rises above the freezing point.

The Arctic sea ice has been melting at an alarming rate in recent years, with the minimum summer sea ice extent (the smallest area of sea ice that is present in the Arctic during the summer) declining by 13% per decade since the late 1970s. In September 2020, the minimum summer sea ice extent reached a new record low, with only 1.44 million square miles (3.74 million square kilometers) of ice remaining. This is the equivalent of losing an area of ice the size of Texas and Oklahoma combined every year.

This graph comparing results from climate models shows that the actual downward trend of Arctic sea ice decline continues to exceed what most models predicted.Courtesy Stroeve et al., Geophysical Research Letters

Climate change is definitely affecting winds and ocean currents, and that these changes can contribute to the melting of Arctic sea ice. As the Earth’s climate warms, it can lead to changes in atmospheric and oceanic circulation patterns, which can affect the strength and direction of winds and ocean currents. These changes can also have a variety of impacts on the Earth’s climate and weather patterns.

The way the change in climate is happening, it can impact the melting of Arctic sea ice is by altering the temperature difference between the equator and the poles. As the Earth’s climate warms, the temperature difference between the equator and the poles is expected to decrease, which could lead to a slowing down of the jet streams, the wind patterns that flow from west to east around the Earth at high altitudes in the mid-latitudes. This could lead to changes in weather patterns, such as more extreme heatwaves and cold snaps in some regions.

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How to educate kids on climate change?

Our kids are particularly vulnerable to the impacts of climate change because they are still growing and developing, and their bodies and immune systems may not be fully equipped to cope with the stresses caused by extreme weather events and other consequences of climate change. Children may also be more vulnerable to the indirect impacts of climate change, such as food and water shortages and displacement caused by natural disasters. Hence, to educate kids on this topic of climate change is once of the key ask for their overall growth.

Overall, climate change can have significant negative impacts on the health, well-being, and future prospects of children, and it is important to take steps to mitigate and adapt to these impacts.

The world has already started responding towards climate change. And the era of asking the questions “Is it really required to educate my kid on climate change?” has long passed. Let’s look at some of the known information’s that has been learned in the recent past which are worth noting to help us direct and motivate to take this cause seriously:

  1. Youth engagement: According to a survey conducted by the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF), 70% of young people aged 18-24 are interested in taking action to address climate change, and 59% feel a personal responsibility to do so.
  2. Climate anxiety: A study conducted by the American Psychological Association found that nearly half of young people aged 13-17 in the United States experience anxiety about climate change.
  3. Climate education: A report by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) found that only 40% of schools around the world teach students about climate change.
  4. Youth activism: There has been a significant increase in youth activism related to climate change in recent years, with young people organizing protests and strikes to demand action on the issue.
  5. Impact on health: Climate change can have significant impacts on the health of young people, including increased risk of respiratory problems, heat stroke, and waterborne diseases.
  6. Impact on future opportunities: Climate change can also have negative impacts on the future opportunities of young people, such as the availability of certain types of jobs or the ability to live in certain areas.
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How the cost of solar energy changed over time?

The cost of solar power has decreased significantly over time, making it more competitive with fossil fuels in many parts of the world. According to the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA), the cost of solar photovoltaic (PV) technology has decreased by more than 80% since 2010, and it is expected to continue to decline in the coming years.

There are several factors that have contributed to the decrease in the cost of solar power, including:

  1. Technological improvements: Solar PV technology has improved significantly over the years, with more efficient cells and modules being developed. This has helped to reduce the cost of solar power by increasing the amount of electricity that can be generated from a given amount of solar panels.
  2. Economies of scale: As the demand for solar power has increased, the production of solar panels and other components has increased, leading to economies of scale and lower costs.
  3. Government incentives: Many governments around the world have implemented policies and incentives to encourage the adoption of solar power, such as subsidies, tax credits, and feed-in tariffs. These measures have helped to reduce the upfront cost of solar power for consumers and businesses.
  4. Increased competition: As the solar industry has grown, the number of companies producing solar panels and other components has increased, leading to increased competition and lower prices.

It is worth noting that the cost of solar power can vary significantly depending on the location and the specific circumstances of each project. Factors such as the quality of the solar resource, the cost of financing, and the availability of subsidies and incentives can all affect the cost of solar power.

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Landscape of India on Climate Change (leaders, culture, infra, tech)

India is a country with a diverse landscape and a rich culture, and it is facing a number of challenges related to climate change. The country’s leaders have recognized the importance of addressing climate change and have taken a number of steps to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and adapt to the impacts of a changing climate. These efforts have included the development of clean energy technologies, such as solar and wind power, as well as the implementation of policies to promote energy efficiency and conservation. However, India’s rapid economic growth and increasing population have also contributed to the country’s emissions, and more work is needed to address this challenge.

Additionally, India’s infrastructure and technology must be adapted to better cope with the impacts of climate change, such as extreme weather events and rising sea levels. Some of the key actions taken by the country include:

  1. Expanding renewable energy: India has implemented initiatives such as the National Solar Mission and the Renewable Energy Certificate (REC) mechanism to increase the use of renewable energy in the country.
  2. Improving energy efficiency: India has implemented programs such as the Perform, Achieve, Trade (PAT) scheme to encourage industries to improve their energy efficiency.
  3. Promoting low-carbon transportation: India is working to increase the adoption of low-carbon transportation options, such as electric vehicles (EVs), through initiatives like the Faster Adoption and Manufacturing of (Hybrid &) Electric Vehicles (FAME) scheme.
  4. Protecting and enhancing forests: India is taking steps to protect and enhance its forest cover through programs like the National Afforestation and Eco-development Board (NAEB) and the Green India Mission.
  5. Implementing adaptation measures: India is also implementing adaptation measures, such as early warning systems for extreme weather events and climate-resilient infrastructure projects, to help the country cope with the impacts of climate change.

These efforts demonstrate India’s commitment to addressing the challenges of climate change and building a more sustainable future.

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How climate change can impact currency?

Climate change can have significant impacts on a country’s economy, including its currency, through changes in the physical environment, such as increased frequency and intensity of natural disasters, sea level rise, and variations in temperature and rainfall patterns. These physical impacts can affect investments, human capital development, and economic growth, and can also lead to increased sovereign borrowing costs and asset value declines.

Some countries, particularly low-income and developing countries, may be more vulnerable to the physical impacts of climate change due to their lack of resources and infrastructure to prepare for and respond to disasters.

A framework can be created to analyze the physical risks of climate change on a country’s currency by using data on a country’s vulnerability to climate change, which is determined by its exposure, sensitivity, and adaptive capacity to these impacts. This vulnerability can be validated and mapped to economic losses and human lives affected by natural disasters.

The physical impacts of climate change are expected to increase in the future, and it is important for countries to consider these risks in their economic planning and decision-making.

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What is the impact of a war on climate change?

The impact of war on the environment is immeasurable and far-reaching. The production of military equipment and the conduct of military operations can result in significant carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions, which contribute to the dangerous phenomenon of climate change.

Take the production of a fighter jet, for instance, which alone can release tens of thousands of tons of CO2 into the atmosphere. The manufacturing of other weapons of war, such as tanks and missiles, also adds significantly to the carbon footprint. Transportation of military personnel and equipment, as well as the reliance on fossil fuels during military operations, further exacerbates the situation.

In the face of this dire reality, it is imperative that we find ways to reduce the carbon footprint of war. Minimizing the use of non-renewable fuels and exploring sustainable alternatives should be given top priority in our quest to protect the environment and ensure a healthier future for all.

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How mathematics is helping in the fight against climate change?

Mathematics plays a critical role in understanding and addressing climate change. Mathematical models are used to simulate and predict the impacts of climate change, as well as to evaluate the effectiveness of different strategies for mitigating and adapting to these impacts.

For example, mathematical models can be used to predict the trajectory of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases in the atmosphere, to model the impacts of different levels of greenhouse gas emissions on global temperatures and weather patterns, and to evaluate the costs and benefits of different options for reducing greenhouse gas emissions. In addition, mathematical techniques are used to optimize the design and operation of renewable energy systems and to evaluate the potential for different technologies to contribute to the transition to a low-carbon economy.

Finally, mathematics is used to analyze and interpret the large and complex datasets generated by climate and weather observations and experiments, and to extract insights and inform decision-making about climate change.

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Talk with Modester Lynn – How Climate Change is Impacting Kenya?

Climate risks pose serious threats to Kenyaโ€™s sustainable development goals. India and Kenya share a lot of similar concerns, in this talk of Conscious Citizens, Abhilash will discuss with Lynn the different aspects of climate issues concerning Kenya.

We have our guest Modester Lynn who is working closely towards activism in the environmental sector and volunteered for several environmental organizations like Kenya Organization for Environmental Education and Kenya Environmental Activist Network. Lynn currently holds the role of chairperson for the Kenya Inter-university Environmental Students Association (KIUESA), where she helps facilitate the projects that unify university environmental students in different parts of the country.

IIT-Guwahati Talk: Artificial Intelligence & Machine Learning in Public Safety & Disaster Scenario

Lynn also worked with libertarian organizations such as students for Liberty as a Local Coordinator to promote ideas of liberty as a key enhancer of social justice.

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AIML in Public Safety & Disaster Scenario

The use of artificial intelligence and Machine Learning (AIML) systems can be an effective method for automating disaster response, but they need to be properly trained to interpret disasters for them to be useful.

Guest talk at the Indian Institute of Technology, Guwahati zoom-live session on the launch of the 2022 batch of AIML certification, addressed the questions like;

  1. How AIML is helping this world to be a safer planet for a living?
  2. How big is this disaster problem?
  3. How humans have become intelligent over years by using Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning to handle Disasters?
  4. How the wildfire in technologically advanced countries is getting handled or maturing to get ready to handle?
  5. How drones are helping to fight disasters?
IIT-Guwahati Talk: Artificial Intelligence & Machine Learning in Public Safety & Disaster Scenario
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